Senin, 13 Februari 2017

I'm going to tell you about the experience that made me feel very grateful to someone.

That time, I was having a physics exam the next week. I felt nervous and anxious because I didn't really understand the subject. There were a lot of formulas, and the concept were just hard to understand. I panicked because I was certain that I'm going to get a bad score. I have tried to learn it by myself, but there were still things that I haven't understand. Then I had an idea. I was planning to ask someone to teach me about the subject. Though I didn't really know who was willing to teach me about it. Then my friend from the other class suggested that I study with her friend in the same class that was my friend as well. I felt surprised because I hadn't think about that. So I immediately asked my friend to teach me. She accepted my request, and I felt really happy. She was really nice to give some of her time to teach me. We decided to study on Wednesday, the day before the exam, so my memory will still be fresh. On Wednesday, I had mathematics class before going home, and the class ended late from the schedule. Once the class was over, I saw that my friend had been waiting for me outside my class, so I immediately apologized to her, in which she responded with "it's okay". We studied after that, she reviewed all of the concept from the beginning, helping me understand more. I then asked about the things that I was still confused about. She explained it thoroughly so I was able to understand. She helped me solve the problems and the type of questions that usually appears in the exam. We only studied for an hour, but I understood the subject more than before, I wasn't an expert to the point that I was able to solve all the hard questions and problems, but at least I understood the basics.

The next day, the day of the exam, I felt less nervous because I wasn't lost in the subject like before. I did the exam calmly and smoothly. The exam was hard, but I was able to solve it, even though I wasn't confident that I wrote the right answers. Of course, I thanked my friend for her help. I said that without her help, I was sure that I wouldn't be able to answer any of the questions. She said that it wasn't a problem, that she was glad that she could help me. She was really nice and kind. About a week after the exam, the results of the exam was being told by the teacher. I felt really nervous, and that nervous doubled when my friends got bad scores. I wasn't confident about my result, so when the teacher told me my score, I was really surprised. My score was two points away from the perfect score, a hundred! I felt shocked and happy at the same time, because I didn't think that I was able to achieve that high. I immediately told my friend about it, and she was really happy for me. I felt really thankful to her because she helped me achieve this. I hugged her without stopping saying thank you again and again. She just laughed. I owe her a lot. I felt grateful for her help. I hope I could repay her kindness and everything she had done for me.

Kamis, 24 November 2016

NARRATIVE TEXT

Poverty and Humility lead to Heaven


There was once a king's son who went out into the world, and he was full of thought and sad. He looked at the sky, which was so beautifully pure and blue, then he sighed, and said, how well must all be with one up there in heaven. Then he saw a poor gray-haired man who was coming along the road towards him, and he spoke to him, and asked, how can I get to heaven. The man answered, by poverty and humility. Put on my ragged clothes, wander about the world for seven years, and get to know what misery is, take no money, but if you are hungry ask compassionate hearts for a bit of bread. In this way you will reach heaven.

Then the king's son took off his magnificent coat, and wore in its place the beggar's garment, went out into the wide world, and suffered great misery. He took nothing but a little food, said nothing, but prayed to the Lord to take him into his heaven. When the seven years were over, he returned to his father's palace, but no one recognized him. He said to the servants, go and tell my parents that I have come back again. But the servants did not believe it, and laughed and left him standing there. Then said he, go and tell it to my brothers that they may come down, for I should so like to see them again. The servants would not do that either, but at last one of them went, and told it to the king's children, but these did not believe it, and did not trouble themselves about it. Then he wrote a letter to his mother, and described to her all his misery, but he did not say that he was her son. So out of pity, the queen had a place under the stairs assigned to him, and food taken to him daily by two servants. But one of them was ill-natured and said, why should the beggar have the good food, and kept it for himself, or gave it to the dogs, and took the weak, emaciated beggar nothing but water. The other, however, was honest, and took the beggar what was sent to him. It was little, but he could live on it for a while, and all the time he was quite patient, but he grew continually weaker. As his illness increased, he desired to receive the last sacrament. When the mass was being celebrated, all the bells in the town and neighborhood began to ring of their own accord. After mass the priest went to the poor man under the stairs, and there he lay dead. In one hand he had a rose, in the other a lily, and beside him was a paper on which was written his history. When he was buried, a rose grew on one side of his grave, and a lily on the other.

Questions 

1. Why was the king's son willing to put on the beggar's clothes, wander the world for seven years, and get to know what misery is?
A. Because he was bored
B. Because he hated his royal life
C. Because he ran away from home
D. Because the king told him to do so
E. Because he wanted to go to heaven

2. Why did the servants did not believe that the man was the king's son?
A. Because they did their job properly
B. Because the man wasn't the king's son
C. Because the man looked like a beggar
D. Because the man looked really rich with his expensive coat
E. Because the king told them not to trust anyone who looked suspicious

3. Which actions should we not follow from the story?
A. Not willing to give food to those in need
B. Lying to other people so they would help you
C. Ask people to give you food when feeling hungry
D. Be mean and yell at people when they don't agree with you
E. Do what your parents told you to do, without feeling burdened

4. But one of them was ill-natured and said,... (paragraph 2, line 10)
What is the closest meaning of the underlined word?
A. Stingy
B. Humble
C. Cheerful
D. Malevolent
E. Compassionate

5. What can we learn from the story above?
A. To work hard for your future and dreams, overcoming obstacles for it
B. To be friendly to everyone and be truthful, even when people doesn't appreciate it
C. Do not trust a person that you just met too much, because they will mostly take you for granted
D. Even when you live in misery, you have to keep being humble, because God will give you something bigger in return
E. Be caring to your parents, give them all your love and don't make them feel hurt because of what you do or said, and you will surely go to heaven

Source: http://www.grimmstories.com/en/grimm_fairy-tales/poverty_and_humility_lead_to_heaven



Kamis, 03 November 2016

REPORT TEXT

Koala



The koala (Phascolarctos cinereus, or, inaccurately, koala bear) is an arboreal herbivorous marsupial native to Australia. It is the only extant representative of the family Phascolarctidae and its closest living relatives are the wombats. The koala is found in coastal areas of the mainland's eastern and southern regions, inhabiting Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia. It is easily recognisable by its stout, tailless body and large head with round, fluffy ears and large, spoon-shaped nose. The koala has a body length of 60–85 cm (24–33 in) and weighs 4–15 kg (9–33 lb). Pelage colour ranges from silver grey to chocolate brown. Koalas from the northern populations are typically smaller and lighter in colour than their counterparts further south. These populations possibly are separate subspecies, but this is disputed.
Koalas typically inhabit open eucalypt woodlands, and the leaves of these trees make up most of their diet. Because this eucalypt diet has limited nutritional and caloric content, koalas are largely sedentary and sleep up to 20 hours a day. They are asocial animals, and bonding exists only between mothers and dependent offspring. Adult males communicate with loud bellows that intimidate rivals and attract mates. Males mark their presence with secretions from scent glands located on their chests. Being marsupials, koalas give birth to underdeveloped young that crawl into their mothers' pouches, where they stay for the first six to seven months of their lives. These young koalas, known as joeys, are fully weaned around a year old. Koalas have few natural predators and parasites, but are threatened by various pathogens, such as Chlamydiaceae bacteria and the koala retrovirus, as well as by bushfires and droughts.



The breeding season for Koalas runs roughly from August to February. This is a time of increased activity, and sound levels increase as males bellow more frequently. This is also when the young from the previous year are dispersing from their mothers. Where Koalas live near suburban settlements and major roads, this period heralds the busiest time for Koala carers, as Koalas on the move cross paths with cars and dogs, and accompanying stress levels mean a higher incidence of sickness.
Females generally start breeding at about three or four years of age and usually produce only one offspring each year. However, not all females in a wild population will breed each year. Some produce offspring only every two or three years, depending on factors such as the age of the female and the quality of the habitat. In the average female's life span of about twelve years, this means that one female may produce only 5 or 6 offspring over her lifetime.
Once a female has conceived it is a short 35 days before the birth of the new baby, called a "joey". The tiny baby which is roughly 2 centimetres long and weighs less than 1 gram, looks rather like a pink jellybean as it is totally hairless, blind and has no ears.
The joey makes its way from the birth canal to the pouch completely unaided, relying on its already well-developed senses of smell and touch, strong forelimbs and claws and an innate sense of direction. Once inside the safety of the pouch, it attaches itself to one of the two teats, which swells to fill its mouth. This prevents the joey from being dislodged from its source of food. The mother contracts her strong sphincter muscle at the pouch opening to prevent the baby from falling out.
The young Koala drinks only mother's milk for the first six to seven months and remains in the pouch for that time, slowly growing and developing eyes, ears, fur etc. At about 22 weeks, its eyes open and it begins to peep out of the pouch. From about 22 to 30 weeks, it begins to feed upon a substance called "pap" which the mother produces in addition to milk. Pap is a specialised form of faeces, or droppings, which forms an important part of the young Koala's diet, allowing it to make the transition from milk to eucalyptus leaves, rather like a human baby is fed "mushy" food when it starts to eat solids. Pap is soft and runny and thought to come from the caecum. It allows the mother to pass on micro-organisms present in her own digestive system which are essential to the digestion of eucalyptus leaves, and is a rich source of protein.
The joey leans out of the pouch opening on the centre of the mother's abdomen to feed on the pap, stretching it open towards the source of the pap, and therefore 'downwards' or 'backwards'. This is why Koalas are sometimes said to have a 'backward-opening' pouch, although this is not strictly true.
The baby feeds regularly on the pap and as it grows it emerges totally from the pouch and lies on its mother's belly to feed. Eventually it begins to feed upon fresh leaves as it rides on her back. The young Koala continues to take milk from its mother until it is about a year old, but as it can no longer fit in the pouch, the mother's teat elongates to protrude from the pouch opening. Young Koalas remain with their mothers until the appearance outside the pouch of the next season's joey. It is then time for the previous year's joey to disperse and find its own home range. If a female does not reproduce each year, the joey stays with her longer and has a greater chance of survival when it does leave its mother.
Females generally live longer than males as the males are more often injured during fights, they tend to travel longer distances with the resulting increase in risks such as cars and dogs, and they more often occupy poorer habitat. Putting a life span on the average Koala can be misleading because some survive only for a period of weeks or months, while others survive to old age. Koalas living in an undisturbed habitat would have a greater life expectancy than those living in suburbia. Some estimates for the average life-span of an adult wild male Koala are ten years, but the average survival rate for a dispersing sub-adult male living near a highway or a housing estate is closer to two or three years.



Their life cycle:
  • First, males starts bellowing to attract female koalas
  • Then they mark the trees with their scent
  • They fight for their territory and their mate
  • They mate with female koalas. The breeding season runs from august to february
  • Then the female carry the babies inside their stomach for 35 days before finally giving birth
  • The joey stay in their mother’s pouch for 2 weeks, attached to the nipples
  • From about 22 to 30 weeks the babies feed ‘pap’ from their mother, pap is a milk produced by the mothers until a year old
  • Young koalas stay on their mother’s back until they are much older, or at least until they the mother produced the next season baby koala


Few interesting facts:
  • Koalas are not bears, but MARSUPIALS, which means that their young are born immature & they develop further in the safety of a pouch. It’s incorrect to call them ‘Koala bears' - their correct name is simply 'Koalas'.
  • Habitat loss is the greatest threat to Koalas. The main reasons for this are land clearing, bushfires and diseases of the eucalypts, like ‘dieback' which cause the trees to die.
  • The Australian Koala Foundation estimates that there are likely to be less than 80,000 Koalas remaining in Australia today and it could be as low as 43,000. Much of their habitat has already been lost. This makes it vitally important to save what is left.
  • Koalas in the southern parts of Australia are considerably larger and have thicker fur than those in the north. This is thought to be an adaptation to keep them warm in the colder southern winters.
  • Koalas also communicate with each other by making a range of noises. The most startling and unexpected of these in such a seemingly gentle animal is a sound like a loud snore and then a belch, known as a ‘bellow'
  • Baby Koalas are known as ‘Joeys'.
  • When the Joey is born,  it is blind until it’s 22 weeks old, and it’s only about 2 centimetres long, is blind and furless and its ears are not yet developed. After it was born prematurely, it stays in its mother’s pouch for about 6 or 7 months, drinking only milk. 
Source: 
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koala
  • https://www.savethekoala.com/about-koalas







Kamis, 13 Oktober 2016

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Rabu, 28 September 2016

The White House


The White House is one of the place in the world that I really want to visit. Why? Because it's an interesting place and it's always been my dream to go there and meet The President of The United States. So, I will tell you about this amazing place.

Source: Google Search


The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States, located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C. It has been the residence of every U.S. president since John Adams in 1800. The modern-day White House complex includes the Executive Residence, West Wing, East Wing, the Eisenhower Executive Office Building—the former State Department, which now houses offices for the President's staff and the Vice President—and Blair House, a guest residence. The Executive Residence is made up of six stories—the Ground Floor, State Floor, Second Floor, and Third Floor, as well as a two-story basement.

There are a lot of rooms inside the white house. Some of them are The Cross Hall,  The Oval Office, The State Dining Room, The China Room, The Green Room, The Red Room, and The Blue Room.


Source: Google Search

The Cross Hall is a broad hallway on the first floor in the White House, the official residence of the President of the United States. It runs east to west connecting the State Dining Room with the East Room. The room is used for receiving lines following a State Arrival Ceremony on the South Lawn, or a procession of the President and a visiting head of state and their spouses.


Source: Google Search

The Oval Office is the official office of the President of the United States. It is located in the West Wing of the White House Complex. The room features three large south-facing windows behind the president's desk, and a fireplace at the north end. It has four doors: the east door opens to the Rose Garden; the west door leads to a private study and dining room; the northwest door opens onto the main corridor of the West Wing; and the northeast door opens to the office of the president's secretary.

 
Source: Google Search


The State Dining Room is the larger of two dining rooms on the State Floor of the Executive Residence of the White House, the home of the President of the United States in Washington, D.C. It is used for receptions, luncheons, larger formal dinners, and state dinners for visiting heads of state on state visits.  


Source: Google Search

The China Room is one of the rooms on the Ground Floor of the White House, the home of the President of the United States. The White House's collection of state china is displayed there. The collection ranges from George Washington's Chinese export china to Bill Clinton's ivory, yellow, and burnished gold china. The room is primarily used by the first lady for teas, meetings, and smaller receptions.


Source: Google Search

The Green Room is one of three state parlors on the first floor in the White House, the home of the President of the United States. It is used for small receptions and teas. The room is traditionally decorated in shades of green.

Source: Google Search

The Red Room is one of three state parlors on the State Floor in the White House, the home of the President of the United States. The room has served as a parlor and music room, and recent presidents have held small dinner parties in it. It has been traditionally decorated in shades of red.

Source: Google Search

The Blue Room is one of three state parlors on the first floor in the White House, the residence of the President of the United States. It is distinct for its oval shape. The room is used for receptions and receiving lines, and is occasionally set for small dinners. The room is traditionally decorated in shades of blue.



Source: Google Search


Outside, there is a lot of beautiful gardens too, such as The Jacqueline Kennedy Garden and The Rose Garden. It is often used for recreational stuffs and press conference in sunny days.

I think that is all the rooms that I'm going to tell about. Because if I explain all the rooms in The White House, it will take a very long time since there are a lot of rooms in it. I really want to visit this place. I'm sure 'll be very happy if I can. Hopefully, one day my dreams could come true! So, this is all for The White House, I'll see you in the next blog!

Source: Wikipedia

MEGANTARA

Hello everyone! Do you know the amazing event of SMAN 3 Bandung called MEGANTARA? I will tell you all about it.

Source: MEGANTARA's Documentation

MEGANTARA is a culture festival that was held by SMAN 3 Bandung this year, in the year of 2016. It was held on Saturday, the 10th of September. Every year, SMAN 3 Bandung always held a culture festival with different theme. MEGANTARA was heavily themed with the many wonderful cultures of Indonesia. It actually helps conserve Indonesian's culture, so that the identity of our country, the cultures, doesn't disappear. MEGANTARA was held at Lapang Bali, near our school and SMAN 5 Bandung.

Source: MEGANTARA's Documentation 

MEGANTARA's first event was the fashion parade, where we promoted MEGANTARA by walking through Bali Street, Belitung Street, Sumatra Street, Merdeka Street, and back to Bali Street. The parade started at 8.00 AM. Every student of SMAN 3 Bandung who wasn't a committee joined this parade, including me. A lot of little children from kindergartens walked the parade together with us. They were all very cute! They wore every kinds of costumes, from princesses, traditional clothing, to animal suits! Everyone from SMAN 3 Bandung, excluding the committee, wore traditional Sundanese clothing, which are kebaya for females and pangsi for males. The parade was a lot of fun. We all walked with joy by singing the MEGANTARA song together.


Source: MEGANTARA's Documentation

MEGANTARA's open gate was at around 12 PM. In front of the Lapang Bali, there was a ticket booth so people can trade their tickets and buy on the spot tickets. Even when it's still early, a lot of people had entered the venue. They queue behind the gate, where KANST members were checking their belongings to see if the items weren't prohibited. Inside, there were a lot of stands, food truck, and of course, the grand stage.

The stands of MEGANTARA were divided into a few sections, which are: Sumatra, Jawa, Sulawesi, Kalimantan, and Papua. Each sections had different kinds of foods and stands, such as face painting, costume shop, and many more. There were a lot of food trucks in every corner and it really made me feel hungry. The cuisines looked really delicious! It ranges from Indonesia's traditional foods like nasi goreng, to ice creams, and to western foods, such as hamburger and toasts.

From 1 PM to 5 PM, there were a lot of entertainments. A lot of SMAN 3 Bandung's extracurricular performed in this festival. From 3's vocal group, band, music classic, traditional music group, karawitan, traditional dance, and the famous angklung group, KPA 3. It was nice to watch, beacuse it was so amazing and wonderful. At these hours, the amount of people inside increased rapidly. It sure is a huge crowd! There was a fashion show too, where the representatives of each classes showed the traditional clothing of every province in Indonesia. They all looked really great with their costumes!

At 5 PM, Ridwan Kamil, the Mayor of Bandung, officially began the main event. At 6 PM, SMAN 3 Bandung's theater club, performed amazingly. Everyone was laughing and having a lot of fun watching the play. Finally, the event that everyone was waiting for, the performance of the two guest stars, The Changcuters and RAN!

Source: MEGANTARA's Documentation

Source: MEGANTARA's Documentation

Source: MEGANTARA's Documentation

Source: MEGANTARA's Documentation


Source: MEGANTARA's Documentation

The performance was spectacular! Everyone was singing along, having fun, and even dancing around! Both The Changcuters and RAN were amazing. They performed with so much energy and passion with their catchy and upbeat songs that made everyone wanted to sing along to. The stage was lit too! It was decorated with fun lights, fun musics, and fun concerts! It really felt like one of the most amazing experiences I had in SMAN 3 Bandung. I had so much fun in this culture festival. I'm really looking forward to next year's festival. I can't wait!

Rabu, 31 Agustus 2016

World Tournament and Techno Festival

On Saturday, August 20, 2016, my school held an event called as WTTF, or World Tournament and Techno Festival. The students of grade 10 and 11 participated in this event. The event consisted of a lot of games. It started at half past six in the morning. All of the students are gathered at Lapbal or Bali Field that is located near SMAN 3 Bandung and SMAN 5 Bandung. Every class had their own costume, with different colors for every different classes. My class, X MIPA 1, wore grey clothing with a cap to make a slight difference with one of the class of the 11th grade. 

When it was time to begin the event, all of us were gathered at the basketball court to listen to the instructions from the event's committees. The game was to travel the planets and win all the mini games in every planet to obtain puzzle pieces, plus a race between the 10th and 11th grade, so X MIPA 1 versus XI MIPA 1. We were told to gather all the equipment to use in the World Tournament. The equipment are water balloons and a map, placed at our school, SMAN 3 Bandung, so we had to get it first before starting the game. Not only that, we were told to talk using the English language and to be careful of aliens. Because the event used the theme of galaxies and planets, of course there will be aliens. The aliens wore raincoats, and they will attack us using water balloons so we have to beware not to get wet!

For X MIPA 1, the first post was located at the hallway in front of the new hall. There, we played a game of human chain with the three smartest person playing a quiz game while the rest of us make a human chain. It was really hard to be a human chain, because you have to stand using one foot while holding another friend's foot. A few of my friends started to feel stiff and lose their balance. But in the end, we won the first game, so everything was worth it and fun!

The second post was located in front of the old building of SMAN 3 Bandung. There, an eating competition was held with two representatives from each class. They had to eat a plate of spicy flavored instant noodle. In the second game, class XI was the one who won the game. The third post was located at the classroom of XI MIPA 3. When we walked our way to the classroom, there were two aliens attacking us with water balloons. Thankfully, we had a supply of water balloons too, so we fought the aliens with those. When the aliens got hit by the water balloon that one of us threw, they gave us a puzzle piece before we entered the classroom. There was a video game competition with Tekken as the game used in the competition. We had a lot of shouting and cheering for our own team because the game was a lot of fun. Because the representatives from class X MIPA 1 won the fights, we got another puzzle piece!

Centrum Music Park was the location for the fourth post. There, we played a game of Second Rank where you have to answer the questions asked in a whiteboard. When your answer is wrong, you're eliminated from the game until someone won. The questions given were very hard, but our class won since the title of the game is "Second Rank". The next post was located at the auditorium of Lapbal, where we played another video game. Our class didn't win, so we didn't get the puzzle piece.

The sixth post was located at the right side of the football field. Then, we continued to the seventh post on the other side of the field, the left side of it. There, we played a game of stealing the other teams' sheaf tied on their wrists. We won the game. Then we moved to another location, the basketball court, where the eighth post was located. There, we played a quiz game about technology. Unfortunately, we didn't win.

The ninth post was located pretty far away from our school. It was located at Tongkeng Park, so we had to walk there. When we arrived, we had a break time first to eat our lunch and pray. After we finished all of that, the game of building and making robots from cardboard, straws, even bottle caps, started. We didn't get the puzzle because we didn't hit the aliens with water balloons, so we moved to the next and final post, located in Taman Foto. There, we played a game of Twister. We didn't win that game, so we didn't get any puzzle piece from it. 

After we finished all of the games, we were told to go back to Lapbal because our planet was being attacked by aliens. All the aliens had stolen all of the puzzle pieces that everyone collected, so we have to attack and defeat the aliens to obtain the puzzle pieces back. Everyone started working together and attacked the aliens. Everyone got a lot of the puzzle pieces back, so we eventually won against the aliens. After we defeated them, we were given the task to arrange the puzzle pieces. Everyone worked together to finish the puzzle, a logo of the WTTF event. After everything was done, the event was finally over and everyone can go back home. I had a really good time and everything was fun!